Transmission of Intelligence and Information: A History of Artificial Intelligence

Apr 29, 2021  | 2pm ET

Lecture (Virtual) | Speaker: Rudolf Seising (Deutsches Museum)

This lecture is part of the rescheduled 2020 GHI Spring Lecture Series “'The spirits that I called': Artificial Life from the Enlightenment to the Present.” 

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In his talk, Rudolf Seising will consider the history of “Artificial Intelligence” as a field of research. Starting with the 1956 "Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence" and Claude Shannon’s 1948 seminal work “A Mathematical Theory of Communication,” Seising will look at how intelligence was defined then and now in various contexts and consider how the hypothetical participation of machines in the transmission of intelligence initiated the term and the research field of “Artificial Intelligence.”

Rudolf Seising obtained his Ph.D. in Philosophy of Science and his Habilitation in the History of Science from the Ludwig–Maximilians–University (LMU) in Munich after studying Mathematics, Physics, and Philosophy at the Ruhr-University of Bochum. He has been a Scientific Assistant for Computer Science (1988-1995) and for the History of Science (1995-2002) at the University of the Armed Forces Munich. He was with the core unit for Medical Statistics and Informatics at the Medical University of Vienna (Austria) (2002-2008). He became College Lecturer at the Faculty of History and Arts, at the LMU (2005) and then served as Professor for the History of Science at the Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena (Germany) (2008, 2014-17) and at the LMU (2009/10). He now works at the Research Institute for the History of Science and Technology at the Deutsches Museum.

2020 Spring Lecture Series

“The spirits that I called”: Artificial Life from the Enlightenment to the Present
Organized by Anna-Carolin Augustin and Claudia Roesch

Will technological advancements enrich our lives or ultimately destroy us? Current debates about the consequences of artificial creations – robots, artificial intelligence, designer babies – raise both hopes and deep concerns. Promises of a better future or eternal life stand in contrast to fears of being overpowered by more intelligent, more resilient artificially created beings.

"The spirits that I called," lamented the sorcerer's apprentice in Goethe's famous ballad, after bringing a broom to life with magic and losing control of it. For centuries, the idea of creating artificial life has fascinated and frightened human beings. It touches upon fundamental questions of human existence, the relationship between humans and nature, and the beginning of life. Fictional characters and stories such as the Golem, and Frankenstein’s monster reflect the long history of engagement with the idea of artificial life.  So, too, do attempts over the past three centuries to build androids and robots, to mimic human thought in computer software, and to engineer ever more sophisticated reproductive technologies. The question today, as in the past, is whether artificially created beings and new technologies will ultimately turn against their creator.

The spring lecture series 2020 “The spirits that I called”: Artificial Life from the the Enlightenment to the Present combines approaches from the history of science and technology studies with religion, gender and film studies to discuss the history of the idea of artificial life/creation, and how it has framed both hopes and concerns associated with new developments and technologies.

Human-Machine Boundaries in the Enlightenment and Beyond

February 27, 2020
Speaker: Adelheid Voskuhl (University of Pennsylvania)

Transmission of Intelligence and Information. A History of Artificial Intelligence

April 29, 2021
Speaker: Rudolf Seising (Deutsches Museum)

The Golem: The Artificial Anthropoid from Enlightenment Monster to AI

May 20, 2021
Speaker: Cathy Gelbin (University of Manchester)